India, a country in South Asia is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second most populous country, and the largest liberal democracy in the world.India's population, wildlife, geographical terrain and climate system are among the most diverse in the world. Over the millennia, the subcontinent has become a centre of important trade routes, cultural development and vast empires.
India has a rich and unique cultural heritage, and has managed to preserve its established traditions whilst absorbing customs, traditions and ideas from both invaders and immigrants. Many cultural practices, languages, customs and monuments are examples of this co-mingling over centuries. Famous monuments, such as the Taj Mahal and other examples of Islamic-inspired architecture have been inherited from the Mughal dynasty.